India: two lionesses at Etawah safari park test positive for #coronavirus

A statement issued by the office of Director of Etawah Safari in Uttar Pradesh, India yesterday stated two lionesses at Etawah safari park have been tested positive for coronavirus and their treatment has begun as advised by experts. It also stated the condition of both animals is normal. Both the lionesses have been down with fever for some time and have been under treatment from vets.

On May 5, authorities of Etawah Safari sent samples of 14 lions and lionesses to IVRI for tests after two of them fell sick.

Indian Express report

 

India: Eight Asiatic Lions test positive for #coronavirus at Hyderabad Zoo

Gamaleya Institute: ‘The next stage of the epidemic is the infection with the #coronavirus of farm and domestic animals’

 

USA: 188 recorded Sars-cov-2 #coronavirus infections in animals including lions, tigers, leopards, mink, cougar, gorillas, cats and dogs

 

Photo by Moe Thet Oo on Unsplash

USA: Michigan taxidermist reported infected by mink #coronavirus variant with F486L and N501T mutations

In February 2021, a taxidermist living in Eaton County, Michigan, became infected with COVID-19. A sample from his positive test result was sent to the state lab to be genetically sequenced — and came back as connected to a mutation of the virus found in infected mink, whose fur is used for coats and clothing.

In early February, the linked COVID-19 case involving the Eaton taxidermist was confirmed through genetic testing.

MDHHS confirmed the CDC’s account of the mutations, identifying them as F486L and N501T. Those two mutations have been identified by researchers as the dominant mink COVID-19 strains in the United States, according to a preprint study published last month by two Canadian researchers, and may have evolved in humans before being transmitted to minks,

Freep.com report

 

 

 

Image by Jan den Ouden from Pixabay

 

India: Eight Asiatic Lions test positive for #coronavirus at Hyderabad Zoo

In what can be confirmed as first incident of animals contracting Coronavirus in India, eight Asiatic Lions at the Nehru Zoological Park in Hyderabad have tested positive for the novel Coronavirus.

RT-PCR tests of the infected animals were conducted by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in Hyderabad, examined the nasal and throat samples(oropharyngeal swab) of the big cats. Zoo officials raised an alarm last week when they saw the pack of Lions wheezing with dry cough, nasal discharge and loss of appetite

Speaking to News18, CCMB director Dr Rakesh Mishra says the Lions have been infected with mild symptoms caused by A2a prototype and are in stable condition

News18.com report

 

 

Image by jcmenon from Pixabay

USA: ZooTampa vaccinates animals against #coronavirus

A veterinary pharmaceutical company has developed a coronavirus shot for animals, and ZooTampa at Lowry Park plans to protect the wildlife in its care with the vaccine. Zoo leaders recently decided to use a coronavirus shot developed by veterinary pharmaceutical company Zoetis.

“We’re not worried about birds, we’re not worried about reptiles; we’re only looking at mammals,” said a zoo spokesperson.  “We are told dozens of animals could be on that list to get the vaccine, including primates, felines, bats, and smaller mammals related to the mink family.”

Fox13news report

Gamaleya Institute: ‘The next stage of the epidemic is the infection with the #coronavirus of farm and domestic animals’

 

 

Image by Michael Siebert from Pixabay

Gamaleya Institute: ‘The next stage of the epidemic is the infection with the #coronavirus of farm and domestic animals’

Alexander Gintsburg, head of the Gamaleya institute that developed Russia’s Sputnik V human vaccine, was quoted in Izvestia newspaper as saying COVID-19 was likely to hit animals next.  “The next stage of the epidemic is the infection with the coronavirus of farm and domestic animals,” Gintsburg said.

Russia has produced the world’s first batch – 17,000 doses – of COVID-19 vaccines for animals, its agricultural regulator said on Friday. Russia registered Carnivac-Cov in March after tests showed it generated antibodies against COVID-19 in dogs, cats, foxes and mink.

News18.com report

USA: ZooTampa vaccinates animals against #coronavirus

 

 

House flies can carry SARS-CoV-2 #coronavirus up to 24 hours after exposure

“All flies exposed to SARS-CoV-2-spiked media or milk substrates were positive for viral RNA at 4hr and 24hr post-exposure. Infectious virus was isolated only from the flies exposed to virus-spiked milk but not from those exposed to virus-spiked medium. Moreover, viral RNA was detected in environmental samples after contact with SARS-CoV-2 exposed flies, although no infectious virus was recovered from these samples.”

parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com reportMechanical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by house flies

 

 

Photo by Surya Prakash on Unsplash

UK SAGE: Lab studies suggest that the N501Y spike protein mutation increases binding to rat and mouse ACE2 leading to viral replication

A report issued by the UK government’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) found the likelihood that a variant of concern (VOC) that has arisen in humans could infect a rodent and then spread among the animals is high. Researchers say lab evidence indicates that while rats and mice appear unable to contract the most common forms of coronavirus COVID-19, the N501Y spike protein mutation “has an increased affinity” for rodents.

The report said: “There is a plausible pathway for infection of rodents with new variants of concern from infected humans following contamination of an environment. “Experimental evidence has shown SARS-CoV-2 with N501Y has increased affinity for lab rodents and there is nothing to suggest the same would not be true for wild rodents.

SAGE: Coronavirus (COVID-19) response, 8 April 2021

 

 

Image by sipa from Pixabay

SARS-CoV-2 #coronavirus spike protein gene variants with N501T and G142D mutation dominated infections in US minks

We analyzed all animal-derived (977), all Canadian (19,529) and US (173,277) SARS-CoV-2 sequences deposited in GISAID from December 2019 to March 12, 2021, and identified 2 dominant novel variants, the N501T-G142D variant and N501T-G142D-F486L variant, in the US mink-derived SARS-CoV-2 sequences. These variants were not found in mink-derived SARS-CoV-2 spike protein gene sequences from other countries. The Y453F mutation was not identified in the US and Canadian mink-derive sequences.

Medrxiv preprint

 

Image by Jan den Ouden from Pixabay

SARS-CoV-2 #coronavirus variants from mink evade inhibition by antibodies

“Our results show that one of two antibodies from an antibody cocktail used for COVID-19 therapy no longer efficiently inhibits the viral variant with the Y453F mutation. Furthermore, our study demonstrates that the Y453F mutation reduces inhibition of the virus by antibodies produced by COVID-19 patients. This means that people who were infected with SARS-CoV-2 may have reduced protection against mink variants of the virus,” says Markus Hoffmann

ScienceDaily.com report

 

 

USA: small study shows 17% of household cats and dogs had detectable #coronavirus sars-cov-2 neutralizing antibodies

We enrolled 37 dogs and 19 cats from 34 of 41 eligible households. All oropharyngeal, nasal, and rectal swabs tested negative by rRT-PCR; one dog’s fur swabs (2%) tested positive by rRT-PCR at the first animal sampling. Among 47 pets with serological results from 30 households, eight (17%) pets (4 dogs, 4 cats) from 6 (20%) households had detectable SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies.

Biorxiv preprint One Health Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Seropositivity among Pets in Households with Confirmed Human COVID-19 Cases — Utah and Wisconsin, 2020

 

Image by Ingo Jakubke from Pixabay

USA: Otters test positive for #coronavirus at Georgia Aquarium

CDC: Experimental infection of cattle with SARS-CoV-2 #coronavirus

“Our findings demonstrate that under experimental conditions cattle show low susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection. The wide distribution of BCoV is of special interest, especially because the presence of a pre-existing coronavirus did not protect from infection with another betacoronavirus in this study. Double infections of individual animals might lead to recombination events between SARS-CoV-2 and BCoV, a phenomenon already described for other pandemic coronaviruses. A resulting chimeric virus, comprising characteristics of both viruses, could threaten human and livestock populations and should therefore be monitored.”

CDC Study originally printed in December 2020

 

 

Image by Ryan McGuire from Pixabay

2 Lions positive for #coronavirus at Pittsburgh Zoo

The staff at Pittsburgh Zoo say two of their lionesses have tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

According to zookeepers, the lions were both displaying some symptoms including occasional coughing and diarrhea. The zoo reports that the two cats likely contracted the virus after an exposure to an asymptomatic zoo employee. Zookeepers say they are in contact with other zoos who have had big cats come down with the virus and using their insight to care for the two infected animals.

Pittsburgh.cbslocal.com report