The stunning rise of the Mu variant

The new Mu variant, B.1.621, detected for the first time in Colombia, surpasses Lambda and Delta and is already ranked as the second with the highest circulation in Chile.  According to the latest epidemiological report from the Public Health Institute (ISP), although Gamma continues to be the most frequent variant with 41%, of the sequenced samples, Mu, with 29%, surpassed Delta (18%) and Lambda (11 %).

In less than a week, the Mu variant detected for the first time in Colombia , has been gaining space at the community level and has doubled its presence in the sequencing of positive samples carried out in the country , according to the latest report of virus variants published today by the Institute of Public Health of Chile (ISP).

LaTercera.com report (in Spanish)

Above, the latest sars-CoV-2 variant chart for Chile.

 

Below, the same chart just two weeks ago:

 

Preprint: Mu variant B.1.621 the most resistant variant to convalescent and vaccinated sera to date

 

Belgium: 7 fully vaccinated care home residents die after contracting B.1.621 Mu variant first found in Colombia

Vaccine breakthrough cases in Washington State to 1st September 2021

This week’s update from Washington State showing vaccine breakthrough cases and which Sars-CoV-2 variant is causing them up to 1st September 2021. This week, the Delta variant has posted another large increase for vaccine breakthroughs, and, as it is now the predominant variant in the region, will presumably continue to do so for some time to come.

Much of the backlog of virus genome sequencing that built up two weeks ago appears to have been cleared, so there is a big reduction in sequences listed under the “other” category this week. Those sequences have now been largely identified and have moved mostly to the Delta row.

 

There is a newer version of this post here

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 1st September 2021

1st Sept 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.739915%33%1
GammaP.11967%8%-2
EpsilonB.1.4291245%12%0
DeltaB.1.617.2183767%25%443
IotaB.1.526341%2%0
BetaB.1.351110%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427130%1%1
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.130%0%0
B.1.617.3B.1.617.300%0%0
OtherOther1124%18%-111
TotalTotal2733100%100%332

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 25th August 2021

25th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.2139458%18%546
AlphaB.1.1.739817%31%40
GammaP.11988%7%12
EpsilonB.1.4291245%11%7
IotaB.1.526341%2%6
EpsilonB.1.427120%1%1
BetaB.1.351110%1%1
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.130%0%0
OtherOther2239%27%-540
TotalTotal2401100%100%73

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 18th August 2021

18th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.284836%12%219
AlphaB.1.1.735815%30%6
GammaP.11868%7%4
EpsilonB.1.4291175%11%1
IotaB.1.526281%2%0
EpsilonB.1.427110%1%0
BetaB.1.351100%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.130%0%2
OtherOther76333%35%676
TotalTotal2328100%100%908

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 11th August 2021

11th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.262944%12%224
AlphaB.1.1.735225%39%9
GammaP.118213%9%7
EpsilonB.1.4291168%14%0
IotaB.1.526282%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther876%20%37
TotalTotal1420100%100%278

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 4th August 2021

4th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.240535%10%151
AlphaB.1.1.734330%41%6
GammaP.117515%9%7
EpsilonB.1.42911610%15%0
IotaB.1.526272%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther504%19%-4
Total1142100%100%161

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 28th July 2021

28th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.733734%43%29
GammaP.116817%10%12
EpsilonB.1.42911612%15%3
DeltaB.1.617.225426%7%141
IotaB.1.526263%3%4
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther546%18%4
Total981100%100%193

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 21st July 2021

21st July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730839%44%-1
GammaP.115620%10%9
EpsilonB.1.42911314%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.211314%4%23
IotaB.1.526223%3%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%-1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther506%19%0
Total788100%100%30

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 14th July 2021

14th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730941%44%12
GammaP.114719%10%6
EpsilonB.1.42911315%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.29012%4%20
IotaB.1.526223%3%1
BetaB.1.351111%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther496%20%0
Total757100%100%39

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 7th July 2021

7th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.729741%44%11
GammaP.113919%9%6
EpsilonB.1.42911316%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.27010%4%30
IotaB.1.526213%3%7
BetaB.1.351112%1%1
EpsilonB.1.427112%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
Other497%20%0
Total716100%100%55

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 30th June 2021

30th June 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
AlphaB.1.1.728637%38%
GammaP.113317%8%
EpsilonB.1.42911315%14%
DeltaB.1.617.2405%2%
IotaB.1.526142%3%
BetaB.1.351101%1%
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%
EtaB.1.52541%0%
KappaB.1.617.110%0%
ZetaP.200%0%
Other4921%32%
Totals661100%100%

 

 

Photo by Alex Mertz on Unsplash

Vaccine breakthrough cases in Washington State to 25th August 2021

This week’s update from Washington State showing vaccine breakthrough cases and which Sars-CoV-2 variant is causing them up to 25th August 2021.  It looks like Washington State have spent the last week cataloguing Delta samples from the previous week, as very few new breakthrough cases have been recorded this week.

Although Delta breakthroughs have seemingly increased over the week, they have mostly been moved from the “other” row where they were posted last week into the Delta column this week, as we predicted they would be last week.

We will continue to reprint these figures as long as Washington State continues to publish them, but, sadly, their value is increasingly doubtful due to an obvious lag in sequencing the samples.

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 25th August 2021

25th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.2139458%18%546
AlphaB.1.1.739817%31%40
GammaP.11988%7%12
EpsilonB.1.4291245%11%7
IotaB.1.526341%2%6
EpsilonB.1.427120%1%1
BetaB.1.351110%1%1
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.130%0%0
OtherOther2239%27%-540
TotalTotal2401100%100%73

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 18th August 2021

18th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.284836%12%219
AlphaB.1.1.735815%30%6
GammaP.11868%7%4
EpsilonB.1.4291175%11%1
IotaB.1.526281%2%0
EpsilonB.1.427110%1%0
BetaB.1.351100%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.130%0%2
OtherOther76333%35%676
TotalTotal2328100%100%908

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 11th August 2021

11th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.262944%12%224
AlphaB.1.1.735225%39%9
GammaP.118213%9%7
EpsilonB.1.4291168%14%0
IotaB.1.526282%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther876%20%37
TotalTotal1420100%100%278

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 4th August 2021

4th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.240535%10%151
AlphaB.1.1.734330%41%6
GammaP.117515%9%7
EpsilonB.1.42911610%15%0
IotaB.1.526272%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther504%19%-4
Total1142100%100%161

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 28th July 2021

28th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.733734%43%29
GammaP.116817%10%12
EpsilonB.1.42911612%15%3
DeltaB.1.617.225426%7%141
IotaB.1.526263%3%4
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther546%18%4
Total981100%100%193

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 21st July 2021

21st July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730839%44%-1
GammaP.115620%10%9
EpsilonB.1.42911314%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.211314%4%23
IotaB.1.526223%3%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%-1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther506%19%0
Total788100%100%30

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 14th July 2021

14th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730941%44%12
GammaP.114719%10%6
EpsilonB.1.42911315%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.29012%4%20
IotaB.1.526223%3%1
BetaB.1.351111%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther496%20%0
Total757100%100%39

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 7th July 2021

7th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.729741%44%11
GammaP.113919%9%6
EpsilonB.1.42911316%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.27010%4%30
IotaB.1.526213%3%7
BetaB.1.351112%1%1
EpsilonB.1.427112%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
Other497%20%0
Total716100%100%55

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 30th June 2021

30th June 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
AlphaB.1.1.728637%38%
GammaP.113317%8%
EpsilonB.1.42911315%14%
DeltaB.1.617.2405%2%
IotaB.1.526142%3%
BetaB.1.351101%1%
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%
EtaB.1.52541%0%
KappaB.1.617.110%0%
ZetaP.200%0%
Other4921%32%
Totals661100%100%

 

 

 

Image by USA-Reiseblogger from Pixabay

Delta vaccine breakthrough cases in Washington State quadruple in two weeks

This week’s update from Washington State showing vaccine breakthrough cases and which Sars-CoV-2 variant is causing them up to 18th August 2021.  The Delta variant is responsible for a big increase in vaccine breakthrough cases reported by Washington State this week. Verified Delta breakthrough cases are up by 219 on last week, but there is real cause for concern for cases with variants that have not been identified by the state – they have increased by 676 in a week!

We are guessing that the 676 breakthrough cases with an unidentified variant are mostly Delta cases. We think that Washington State are now seeing so many vaccine breakthrough cases that they are simply unable to sequence them all in one week.  At least we hope that’s the explanation, because the alternative is that there are unknown Sars-CoV-2 variants in Washington State that are causing far more breakthrough cases than even the Delta variant.

If the unidentified breakthrough cases are mostly Delta, that means the Delta vaccine breakthrough rate has almost quadrupled in 2 weeks.

On the 4th August, there were 405 verified Delta breakthrough cases.

On the 11th August, there were 629 verified Delta breakthrough cases plus perhaps 30 unverified, a total of 659, an increase from the previous week of ~64%.

On the 18th August, there were 848 verified Delta breakthrough cases plus perhaps 710 unverified, a total of 1558, an increase from the previous week of ~150%

 

There is an updated version of this file here

 

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 18th August 2021

18th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.284836%12%219
AlphaB.1.1.735815%30%6
GammaP.11868%7%4
EpsilonB.1.4291175%11%1
IotaB.1.526281%2%0
EpsilonB.1.427110%1%0
BetaB.1.351100%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.130%0%2
OtherOther76333%35%676
TotalTotal2328100%100%908

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 11th August 2021

11th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.262944%12%224
AlphaB.1.1.735225%39%9
GammaP.118213%9%7
EpsilonB.1.4291168%14%0
IotaB.1.526282%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther876%20%37
TotalTotal1420100%100%278

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 4th August 2021

4th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.240535%10%151
AlphaB.1.1.734330%41%6
GammaP.117515%9%7
EpsilonB.1.42911610%15%0
IotaB.1.526272%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther504%19%-4
Total1142100%100%161

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 28th July 2021

28th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.733734%43%29
GammaP.116817%10%12
EpsilonB.1.42911612%15%3
DeltaB.1.617.225426%7%141
IotaB.1.526263%3%4
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther546%18%4
Total981100%100%193

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 21st July 2021

21st July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730839%44%-1
GammaP.115620%10%9
EpsilonB.1.42911314%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.211314%4%23
IotaB.1.526223%3%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%-1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther506%19%0
Total788100%100%30

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 14th July 2021

14th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730941%44%12
GammaP.114719%10%6
EpsilonB.1.42911315%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.29012%4%20
IotaB.1.526223%3%1
BetaB.1.351111%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther496%20%0
Total757100%100%39

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 7th July 2021

7th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.729741%44%11
GammaP.113919%9%6
EpsilonB.1.42911316%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.27010%4%30
IotaB.1.526213%3%7
BetaB.1.351112%1%1
EpsilonB.1.427112%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
Other497%20%0
Total716100%100%55

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 30th June 2021

30th June 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
AlphaB.1.1.728637%38%
GammaP.113317%8%
EpsilonB.1.42911315%14%
DeltaB.1.617.2405%2%
IotaB.1.526142%3%
BetaB.1.351101%1%
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%
EtaB.1.52541%0%
KappaB.1.617.110%0%
ZetaP.200%0%
Other4921%32%
Totals661100%100%

 

Feel free to tweet us @coronaheadsup if you have an alternative take on these extraordinary numbers

 

Image by Gordon Johnson from Pixabay

280 cases of Delta variant with N501Y, some with E484K too

Delta + Alpha + Beta + Gamma recombinant variant found in Turkey.

 

 

 

 

Image by Elliot Alderson from Pixabay

USA: 55% increase in Delta vaccine breakthrough cases in Washington State

This week’s update from Washington State showing vaccine breakthrough cases and which Sars-CoV-2 variant is causing them up to 11th August 2021. Of note this week is another big jump for Delta B.1.617.2 vaccine breakthrough cases, which have increased by 55% from 405 to 629 in one week.  There is also a sudden and rather alarming 74% increase in vaccine breakthrough cases where the Sars-CoV-2 variant is defined as “other”.

** There is an UPDATE of this post here **

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 11th August 2021

11th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.262944%12%224
AlphaB.1.1.735225%39%9
GammaP.118213%9%7
EpsilonB.1.4291168%14%0
IotaB.1.526282%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther876%20%37
TotalTotal1420100%100%278

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 4th August 2021

4th August 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
DeltaB.1.617.240535%10%151
AlphaB.1.1.734330%41%6
GammaP.117515%9%7
EpsilonB.1.42911610%15%0
IotaB.1.526272%3%1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
OtherOther504%19%-4
Total1142100%100%161

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 28th July 2021

28th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.733734%43%29
GammaP.116817%10%12
EpsilonB.1.42911612%15%3
DeltaB.1.617.225426%7%141
IotaB.1.526263%3%4
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther546%18%4
Total981100%100%193

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 21st July 2021

21st July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730839%44%-1
GammaP.115620%10%9
EpsilonB.1.42911314%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.211314%4%23
IotaB.1.526223%3%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%-1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther506%19%0
Total788100%100%30

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 14th July 2021

14th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730941%44%12
GammaP.114719%10%6
EpsilonB.1.42911315%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.29012%4%20
IotaB.1.526223%3%1
BetaB.1.351111%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther496%20%0
Total757100%100%39

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 7th July 2021

7th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.729741%44%11
GammaP.113919%9%6
EpsilonB.1.42911316%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.27010%4%30
IotaB.1.526213%3%7
BetaB.1.351112%1%1
EpsilonB.1.427112%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
Other497%20%0
Total716100%100%55

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 30th June 2021

30th June 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
AlphaB.1.1.728637%38%
GammaP.113317%8%
EpsilonB.1.42911315%14%
DeltaB.1.617.2405%2%
IotaB.1.526142%3%
BetaB.1.351101%1%
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%
EtaB.1.52541%0%
KappaB.1.617.110%0%
ZetaP.200%0%
Other4921%32%
Totals661100%100%

 

 

Image by Frank Ravizza from Pixabay

USA: Washington State Vaccine Breakthroughs by Variant up to 28th July 2021

This week’s update from Washington State showing vaccine breakthrough cases and which Sars-CoV-2 variant is causing them up to 28th July 2021. Of note this week is huge jump for Delta B.1.617.2 breakthrough cases, which have more than doubled in one week from 113 to 254. There are further increases in vaccine breakthroughs for other variants too.

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 28th July 2021

28th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.733734%43%29
GammaP.116817%10%12
EpsilonB.1.42911612%15%3
DeltaB.1.617.225426%7%141
IotaB.1.526263%3%4
BetaB.1.351101%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52540%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther546%18%4
Total981100%100%193

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 21st July 2021

21st July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730839%44%-1
GammaP.115620%10%9
EpsilonB.1.42911314%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.211314%4%23
IotaB.1.526223%3%0
BetaB.1.351101%1%-1
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther506%19%0
Total788100%100%30

Vaccine Breakthroughs up to 14th July 2021

14th July 2021

Variant
LineageNumber of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases
With Variant
Percentage of Vaccine
Breakthrough Cases With
Variant
Percentage of
Sequences From
All Covid-19
Cases With
Variant
Increase in
Number of
Breakthroughs
From Previous
Week
AlphaB.1.1.730941%44%12
GammaP.114719%10%6
EpsilonB.1.42911315%16%0
DeltaB.1.617.29012%4%20
IotaB.1.526223%3%1
BetaB.1.351111%1%0
EpsilonB.1.427111%2%0
EtaB.1.52541%0%0
KappaB.1.617.110%0%0
ZetaP.200%0%0
OtherOther496%20%0
Total757100%100%39

 

USA: Washington State Vaccine Breakthroughs by Variant up to 21st July 2021

 

So what is Plan B if the vaccines fail with a new #coronavirus super-variant?

Image by David Mark from Pixabay

Preprint: Infectivity and immune escape of the new coronavirus variant of interest C.37 Lambda

“We also observed that the spike protein of the Lambda variant presented increased infectivity when compared with the spike protein of the Alpha and Gamma variants, both of them with reported increased infectivity and transmissibility. Together, our data show for the first time that mutations present in the spike protein of the Lambda variant confer escape to neutralizing antibodies and increased infectivity.”

“The evidence presented here reinforces the idea that massive vaccination campaigns in countries with high SARS-CoV-2 circulation rates must be accompanied by strict genomic surveillance aimed to rapidly identify new viral isolates carrying spike mutations as well as studies aimed to analyze the impact of these mutations in immune escape and vaccines breakthrough.”

Medrxiv preprint : Infectivity and immune escape of the new SARS-CoV-2 variant of interest Lambda

 

Preprint: The emergence of Sars-CoV-2 #coronavirus variant Lambda C.37 in South America

 

 

Photo by Paula Porto on Unsplash

Preprint: The emergence of Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus variant Lambda C.37 in South America

We report the emergence of a novel lineage of SARS-CoV-2 in South America, termed C.37. It presents seven nonsynonymous mutations in the Spike gene (Δ247-253, G75V, T76I, L452Q, F490S, T859N) and a deletion in the ORF1a gene (Δ3675-3677) also found in variants of concern (VOCs) Alpha, Beta, and Gamma. Initially reported in Lima, Peru, in late December 2020, it now accounts for 97% of Peruvian public genomes in April 2021. It is expanding in Chile and Argentina, and there is evidence of onward transmission in Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, the USA, Germany, and Israel. On June 15, 2021, the World Health Organization designated C.37 as Variant of Interest (VOI) Lambda.

Full Medrxiv preprint: The Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 Variant Lambda (C.37) in South America

 

Preprint: Infectivity and immune escape of the new #coronavirus variant of interest C.37 Lambda

 

Peru: C.37 #coronavirus variant named Lambda by WHO

 

 

Image by Joaquín Enríquez from Pixabay

USA: vaccine breakthough cases in Washington State by coronavirus variant to 30th June 2021

Washington State has recently published an update on the number of vaccine breakthrough cases. Importantly, it shows which Sars-CoV-2 variant is responsible for 661 of those cases through genome sequencing. This hugely important information is not available for most states in the USA, so the fact that Washington State continues to publish this information for the Covid variants currently circulating in that state makes it all the more valuable.  Spoiler alert: Delta B.1.617.2 is NOT YET the most common variant for vaccine breakthrough cases in Washington State! That situation will almost certainly change over the next few weeks as Delta becomes more dominant across the U.S.

The most common variant currently causing vaccine breakthroughs in Washington State up to 30th June 2021 is Alpha, (B.1.1.7),  at 37%, followed by Gamma (P.1) at 17%. The Delta variant (B.1.617.2) currently only accounts for about 5% of vaccine breakthrough infections.

The Epsilon variant (B.1.429) is showing as being responsible for 15% of all breakthrough cases, yet represents just 3% of the total genome sequences for May to June, and never rose above 10% of genome samples from April 2021.

Washington State data on all breakthrough cases:

Source: Washington State Vaccine Breakthrough Report

 

Sars-CoV-2 variants circulating in Washington State April – June 2021:

 

Source: Washington Covid-19 Dashboard

As you can see, Washington State has recorded 2,228 vaccine breakthrough cases in total which represents a tiny fraction of the 6 million people now vaccinated in that state.

Our thanks to The Washington State Department of Health for providing this vital information.

 

USA: Washington State Vaccine Breakthroughs by Variant up to 14th July 2021

 

USA: Washington State Vaccine Breakthroughs by Variant up to 7th July 2021

 

Israel: 50% vaccine breakthrough for coronavirus cases in the last month

Chile: Santiago goes back into lockdown despite 60% #coronavirus vaccination rate

As of the early hours of this Saturday, 12th June 2021, Santiago de Chile has once again entered quarantine. The entire region begins with the mobility restriction measure when 57.8% of the country’s target population has completed their covid-19 vaccination schedule, but ICUs are on the brink of collapse.

According to the latest figures provided by the Undersecretary of Health, Paula Daza, the occupation of critical beds reaches 96% nationwide. But the vast majority of seriously ill patients are not immunized and there is a worrying decrease in the age of patients admitted to critical beds. Patients under 50 years of age in ICUs have tripled compared to the worst moment of last year, according to ICOVID, an initiative led by the University of Chile, the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and the University of Concepción based on official data . The deaths reach 38,685, between confirmed and suspected.

El Pais report (in Spanish)

 

 

 

Lineage chart courtesy of Outbreak.info

Daily cases chart courtesy of OurworldinData.org

 

Image by javier alamo from Pixabay

WHO announce new names for Sars-CoV-2 #coronavirus variants

The WHO have announced new names for the confusingly named sars-cov-2 variants. The new names are based on the Greek alphabet.

Variants of Concern = Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta

 

Variants of Interest = Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota, Kappa

 

WHO introduces new naming system for Sars-CoV-2 variants based on Greek alphabet –  Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota, Kappa etc